Artículo destacado en Trends in Ecology and Evolution
Artículos destacados 2019.
The relationship between coping styles and responses to handling in captive guanacos (Lama guanicoe)
Ontological Politics of Wildlife: Local People, Conservation Biologists and Guanacos
In this article, we analyse the politics behind human-wildlife relations, based on the different understanding of guanacos by local people and conservationists in Northern Chile. We use a political ontology framework to study the interactions between different ontologies of wildlife. The analysis is based on in-depth interviews, field observations, documents analyses, and personal experience in guanaco conservation research. The relation between guanacos and local people is characterised by frequent and material encounters and the presence of the animal in the domestic sphere through multiple uses. The conservationists account of guanacos is characterised by spatial distribution, population size, habitat, and threat assessments, and the application of universal categories to classify this species. These different relationships with guanacos are related to two different ontologies of wildlife. For conservationists, the nature-society dichotomy is clear— guanacos are defined in a nature without humans, and in order to protect them they should be kept away from human activities. On the contrary, for local people, nature and society are not worlds apart. Guanacos are neither totally wild nor totally domestic. Understanding these differences is important because these ontologies interact and affect each other. In this case, the conservationist ontology was dominant over the local one. Also, the interactions between ontologies affect and are affected by conservation action, and by the general socio-political context. A better understanding of local ontologies is an important step to improve the relationship between conservationists and local communities.
Keywords: Ontological politics, wildlife conservation, guanacos, Atacama, Chile
Artículos recientes sobre Camélidos Sudamericanos
- Petitpas, R., Bonacic, C. 2019. Ontological Politics of Wildlife: Local People, Conservation Biologists and Guanacos. Conservat Soc, 17(3):250-257.
- Ohrens, O., Bonacic, C., Treves, A. 2019. Non‐lethal defense of livestockagainst predators: flashing lights deter puma attacks in Chile. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 17(1):32-38. doi:10.1002/fee.1952
- Root-Bernstein, M., Guerrero-Gatica, M., Piña, L., Bonacic, C., Svenning, J.C., Jaksic, F.M. 2017. Rewilding-inspired transhumance for the restoration of semiarid silvopastoral systems in Chile. Regional Environmental Change 17(5):1381-1396.
- Ohrens, O., Treves, A., & Bonacic, C. 2016. Relationship between rural depopulation and puma-human conflict in the high Andes of Chile. Environmental Conservation, 43(1):24-33.
- Riveros, J. L., Schuler, G., Urquieta, B., Hoffmann, B. and Bonacic, C. 2015. Ovarian Follicular Activity During Late Gestation and Postpartum in Guanaco (Lama guanicoe). Reproduction in Domestic Animals 50:129-134.